Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research (IMAU)

Ice and Climate: Automatic Weather Stations on glaciers

 

Alpine stations

Ice and Climate:
Automatic Weather Stations on glaciers


Introduction

AWS in the Alpine regions of Europe. On some glaciers the AWS are part of a larger ongoing measuring program that includes mass balance and glacier velocity observations. The stations marked bold are still operational.


The Alpine stations

>  Morteratsch glacier, Switzerland

>  Hochjochferner, Italy/Austria

>  Storbreen, Norway

>  Midtdalsbreen, Hardangerjøkulen, Norway.

>  Hardangerjøkulen snow plateau, Norway


Morteratsch glacier, Switzerland

Location:

46°25' N, 09°25' E, ~2100 m a.s.l. (Argos id:03823)

Operational:

August 1994 to still operational

Live data:

LINK

Remarks:

The station is visited several times per year . Due to the ongoing retreat of the glacier, the AWS had to be moved several times to a higher location. Since 2016 the station is located in the upper ablation zone of the Morteratsch glacier (see map), and is part of the MortAlive project. This project investigates the possibility to slow down the retreat of the glacier by covering a part of the melt zone by snow throughout the summer (link)

 

Hochjochferner, Italy/Austria

Location:

46°47' N, 10°48.2' E, ~2800 m a.s.l.

Operational:

September 2011 to September 2016

Remarks:

The station was part of an educational program.

In July 2013 a camera was installed which made during day time every 2 hours a picture of the glacier. The movie below is based on daily images taken around 14.00.

 

Storbreen, Norway

Location:

61°35' N, 08°10' E, ~1570 m a.s.l.

Operational:

September 2001 to still operational

Remarks:

Each year the station is visited at the end of August.

 

Midtdalsbreen, Hardangerjøkulen, Norway.

Location:

60°34' N, 07°28' E, ~1449 m a.s.l.

Operational:

October 2000 to August 2013

Remarks:

The project was a cooperation with the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE).

 

Hardangerjøkulen snow plateau, Norway

Location:

60°33' N, 07°27' E, ~1860 m a.s.l.

Operational:

May 2005 to March 2006

Remarks:

The station was installed in summer 2005 but did not survive the winter of 2005/2006 due to ice accumulation on the mast. It was decided not to make a second attempt.